The Pharaohs governed the state by the help of a standing army and a militia, also by a multitude of officials, from whom was formed by degrees an aristocracy of family.
According to the theory of that time, the king descended directly from the Sun, the God who created the world, and was the first to reign over the valley of the Nile.
By his office the Pharaoh was lawgiver, supreme king, the highest judge, chief priest; he was the son of a god, a god himself even.
Women in ancient Egypt had some special rights other women did not have in other comparable societies. Women and their image were most often associated with life and fertility.
The kings of the first dynasty were eight in number and reigned 263 years; those of the second dynasty were nine in number and reigned 214 years.
The following Powerful Beings were Great Rulers of antiquity. with the exception of Imhotep, who was a multi genius and later deified as a god.
“Narmer” or “Menes” was the first pharaoh of the 1st dynasty. The first to unify the whole of Egypt, he united all the Africans that were settled on the Nile He was a powerful chieftain, and below he is shown in the Narmer palette wearing the white crown of upper Egypt and the red crown of lower Egypt.
"King of the South, King of the North," Mighty Uniter of the two lands"The native tradition, which was current at Abydos, and presumably throughout Egypt, in the thirteenth century before Christ, stated that he was called Mena; this tradition was also accepted in the time of the Greek historians, for they all agree in saying that the first king of Egypt was called Menes.
Menes inaugurated Egypt’s First Dynasty by winning a battle in the western delta and fully unifying the country. Menes achievement in unifying the two lands brought prosperity and promoted the first great flowering of Egyptian civilization.
The Pschent was the double crown worn by Pharaohs in ancient Egypt. The ancient Egyptians referred to it as sekhemty, "the Two Powerful Ones." It combined the White Hedjet Crown of Lower Egypt and the Red Deshret Crown of Upper Egypt.
The Pschent represented the Pharaoh's power over all of unified Egypt.
Djoser (also read as Djeser and Zoser), Meaning “godlike of body, and "sacred," was an Ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the 3rd dynasty during the Old Kingdom and the founder of this epoch.
● Built the step pyramid
● Revered by later generations as a God
● Imhotep was his right-hand man, architect, and vizier.
Djoser was beneficent and pious. Djoser was so popular, he was the first Pharaoh to be deified as a god, and became a model for later Pharaohs to emulate.
Imhotep "the one who comes in peace"; fl. late 27th century BC) was an Egyptian chancellor to the pharaoh Djoser, architect of the step pyramid, and high priest, poet, judge, engineer, magician, scribe, astronomer, astrologer, and especially a physician, and was considered the father of medicine by many historians. A multi-genius, he was gradually glorified and deified.
Khufu, known to the Greeks as Cheops, was an ancient Egyptian monarch who was the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty, in the first half of the Old Kingdom period (26th century BC). Khufu succeeded his father Sneferu as the second king of the 4th Dynasty. He is generally accepted as having commissioned the Great Pyramid of Giza, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
Sneferu calls himself Neteraa, "the Great God," and Neb mat, "the Lord of Justice." He is also "the Golden Horus," or "the Conqueror." Neb mat is not a usual title with Egyptian monarchs; and its assumption by Sneferu would seem to mark, at any rate, his appreciation of the excellence of justice, and his desire to have the reputation of a just ruler. Later ages give him the title of "the Beneficent King."
1473-1458 Hatshepsut becomes co-regent. She launched a campaign to proclaim that she was a descendant of Amon Ra. She appears also at the same time to have taken full possession of the throne, and to have been accepted as actual sovereign of the Egyptian people. She calls herself "The living Horus, abounding in divine gifts, the mistress of diadems, rich in years, the golden Horus, goddess of diadems, Queen of Upper and Lower Egypt, daughter of the Sun, consort of Ammon, living forever, and daughter of Ammon, dwelling in his heart."
Has been called " the first Great woman in history. She was both brilliant and beautiful. Hatshepsut was a lover of peace.
Tiye (c. 1398 BC – 1338 BC, also spelled Taia, Tiy, and Tiyi) was the daughter of Yuya and Tjuyu. She became the Great Royal Wife of the Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep III. She was the mother of Akhenaten and grandmother of Tutankhamun. Her mummy was identified as "The Elder Lady" found in the tomb of Amenhotep II (KV35) in 2010.
Twosret (Tawosret, Tausret, d. 1189 BC conventional chronology) was the last known ruler and the final Pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt. She was said to have ruled Egypt for seven years.
Queen Ahmose-Nefertari held many titles, including those of hereditary princess (iryt- p`t), great of grace (wrt-im3t), great of praises (wrt-hzwt), king’s mother (mwt- niswt), great king’s wife (hmt-niswt-wrt), god’s wife (hmt-ntr), united with the white crown (khnmt-nfr-hdjt), king’s daughter (s3t-niswt), and king’s sister (snt-niswt). The queen was revered as "Goddess of Resurrection" and was arguably the most venerated woman in Egyptian history.
Nefertiti (c. 1370 – c. 1330 BC) was an Egyptian queen and the Great Royal Wife (chief consort) of Akhenaten, an Egyptian Pharaoh, and mother to king Tutankhamun.
Nefertiti's name, Egyptian Nfr.t-jy.tj, can be translated as "The Beautiful Woman has Come".
Nefertiti had many titles including Hereditary Princess (iryt-p`t); Great of Praises (wrt-Hzwt); Lady of Grace (nbt-im3t), Sweet of Love (bnrt-mrwt); Lady of The Two Lands (nbt-t3wy); Main King's Wife, his beloved (Hmt-nswt-‘3t mryt.f); Great King's Wife, his beloved (Hmt-nswt-wrt mryt.f), Lady of all Women (Hnwt-Hmwt-nbwt); and Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt (Hnwt-Shm’w-mhw).
Nefertiti and her husband were known for a religious revolution, in which they worshiped one god only, Aten, or the sun disc.
With her husband, she reigned at what was arguably the wealthiest period of Ancient Egyptian history.
Also known as Amenhotep "the Magnificent," was the ninth king of the 18th dynasty of Egypt. His reign was a period of unprecedented prosperity and artistic splendor when Egypt reached the peak of its artistic and international power. During the reign of Amenhotep III., who has rightly been named "The Magnificent," and in whose reign Egypt was at once the most powerful, the most wealthy, and the most luxurious country in the world. Amenhotep III built extensively at the temple of Karnak including the Luxor temple.
Seti 1"Monarch of the illustrious 19th dynasty. Seti restored order to the kingdom and throne using conquest and construction. He constructed hypostyle columns and struck Syria and Palestine. Seti's tomb was the most fabulous. His temple at Abydos)" the house of millions of years" was dedicated to Ausar (Osiris).
Horemheb, "The Hawk in Festival," was born at Heracleopolis Magna, a city of the 18th Province of Upper Egypt. He was greeted as 'Father of the Two Lands of Egypt.'" He was indeed the savior and father of his country, for he had found her corrupt and disordered, and he was leading her back to greatness and dignity. A man of considerable eloquence and great learning, "he astonished the people by that which came out of his mouth.
About the year B.C. 1500, the throne of Egypt fell to the young brother of Queen Hatshepsut, Thuthmose III., and under his vigorous rule, the country rose to a height of power never again equaled.
Thuthmose III is generally regarded as the greatest of the kings of Egypt--the Alexander the Great of the Egyptian history. Thuthmose III belonged to the eighteenth dynasty, which included some of the greatest of Egyptian monarchs. He was a great warrior, and during his long reign, Egypt reached the climax of her greatness. He was a king of great capacity and a warrior of considerable courage. The records of his campaigns are for the most part preserved on a sandstone wall surrounding the great temple of Karnak. Besides distinguishing himself as a warrior and as a record writer, Thothmes III was one of the greatest of Egyptian builders. Thuthmose stretched the boundaries farther than any other Pharaoh.
Also known as Ramses the Great, was the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt. He is often regarded as the greatest, most celebrated, and most powerful pharaoh of the New Kingdom.
Ramses the second had a sixty-seven-year reign and fathered over one hundred children. Ramses reigned beside his beautiful Queen Nefertari, and he built the Ramuseum. He had 17 wives and 110 sons. used the largest force in Egyptian history, a force of 20,000 soldiers. Ramses the Great signed the first peace treaty in world history.
Tutankhamun was an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty(ruled c. 1332–1323 BC in the conventional chronology), during the period of Egyptian history known as the New Kingdom or sometimes the New Empire Period. He has, since the discovery of his intact tomb, been referred to as King Tut. His original name, Tutankhaten, means "Living Image of Aten", while Tutankhamun means "Living Image of Amun". In hieroglyphs,.
He ascended to the throne in 1333 BC, at the age of nine or ten. His tomb in the Valley of the Kings was discovered almost completely intact—the most complete ancient Egyptian royal tomb found.