Legends Of The Gods

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The Egyptians believed that at one time all the great gods and goddesses
lived upon earth, and that they ruled Egypt in much the same way as the
Pharaohs with whom they were more or less acquainted. They went about
among men and took a real personal interest in their affairs, and,
according to tradition, they spared no pains in promoting their wishes
and well-being. Their rule was on the whole beneficent, chiefly because
in addition to their divine attributes they possessed natures, and
apparently bodily constitutions that were similar to those of men. Like
men also they were supposed to feel emotions and passions, and to be
liable to the accidents that befell men, and to grow old, and even to
die. The greatest of all the gods was Ra, and he reigned over Egypt for
very many years. His reign was marked by justice and righteousness, and
he was in all periods of Egyptian history regarded as the type of what a
king should be. When men instead of gods reigned over Egypt they all
delighted to call themselves sons of Ra, and every king believed that Ra
was his true father, and regarded his mother’s husband as his father
only in name. This belief was always common in Egypt, and even Alexander
the Great found it expedient to adopt it, for he made a journey to the
sanctuary of Amen (Ammon) in the Oasis of Siwah in order to be
officially acknowledged by the god. Having obtained this recognition, he
became the rightful lord of Egypt.